“The events described in the book of Esther occurred between 483-473 B.C. and is an account of the Jewish people living in exile in Persia. It recounts how the hatred of one man for the Jews nearly resulted in the eradication of the Jewish people in the entire Persian Empire.

In 1:10-12, the king commanded his wife to display herself in an inappropriate manner. We are not given the details of why Vashti felt her appearance at the banquet would be inappropriate. The writer’s primary focus in the narrative is to explain Esther’s rise to the throne. In the course of doing so, he shows Ahasuerus to be a pompous and selfish man, driven by his own lusts, and ruling by whim. In contrast, Vashti, brief though her appearance is, conveys strength. While the king condemned Vashti’s refusal to put herself on display, the Bible does not.

In 3:6, Haman’s intention to eradicate all the Jews in Ahasuerus’ kingdom revealed a horrible prejudice that is inexcusable. It is never permissible to persecute a person because of religion, race, or ethnicity. Every person is created in the image of God, regardless of these differences. All deserve equal treatment and respect.

While the omission of God is unusual, the book shows considerable evidence of belief in the active involvement of God in the events described. In fact, direct mention of God is hardly required. The outcome of the book is so unexpected that it cannot be explained without acknowledging the work of God behind the scenes. This would certainly be an appropriate way for a people who may feel forgotten by God to see afresh that, while God may be hidden from their sight, He certainly hasn’t abandoned them. The narrative reflects the way the exiles feel and causes them to see God working in their own circumstances in the same way they see Him working on behalf of these fellow exiles.”(HCSB)

4:13-14: “Mordecai told the messenger to reply to Esther, ‘Don’t think that you will escape the fate of all the Jews because you are in the king’s palace. If you keep silent at this time, liberation and deliverance will come to the Jewish people from another place, but you and your father’s house will be destroyed. Who knows, perhaps you have come to the kingdom for such a time as this.’”